Narodakini, fragment. From Narodakini is a Tantric goddess and a manifestation of Vajrayogini, originated from the tradition of the Indian Buddhist Mahasiddha Naropa (956-1040). She manifested before him and transmitted exoteric teachings and practices. It is also believed that she is his spiritual partner. Another name for the goddess is Narokhechari (Tib. Narokhachoma, “the […]


Vajrayogini (Tib. Dorje Naljorma) is a supreme goddess in the pantheon of Vajrayana Buddhism. Her name can be translated as “diamond” or “indestructible” yogini. “Vajra” (Tib. dorje), in the Buddhist context, refers to the indestructible power of enlightenment. She is perceived as an embodiment of complete buddhahood in female form. Her femininity expresses the idea […]

The Teacher Who Dispels the Darkness of Ignorance and Brings the Light of Wisdom

28 October marks one year since the passing of my beloved teacher, Professor Alexander Fedotoff (1956– 2018). He was an outstanding erudite, a polyglot, and professor of Korean, Mongolian, and Tibetan literature. He was born in Novosibirsk, Russia and graduated from the Department of Mongolian Studies and Tibetology in the Faculty of Asian and African […]

Parnashavari: Goddess of Natural Healing

Parnashavari. From ཨོཾ་པི་ཤ་ཙི་པརྞ་ཤ་ཝ་རི་སརྦ་ཛྭ་ར་པྲ་ཤཱ་མ་ན་ཡེ་སྭཱ་ཧཱ། OM PISHATSI PARNA SHAVARI SARVA ZVARA PRASHA MANI SVAHA Parnashavari (Tib. Loma Gyonma) is a healing goddess who removes contagious and epidemic diseases. Her name means “dressed in leaves” and she embodies our connection with nature and natural methods of healing. She is an example of an Indian folk deity absorbed […]

Sitatapatra: Goddess of Protection from Evil Forces

Sitatapatra with one face and two hands. From Sitatapatra (Tib. Dugkarmo) is a goddess of protection from supernatural dangers such as demons and any other harmful influences. Her name means “White Parasol” and she is perceived as a wrathful aspect of the bodhisattva of compassion Avalokiteshvara (Tib. Chenrezig). As an embodiment of one of […]

Ushnishavijaya: A Victory Over Death

Ushnishavijaya with Amitayus and White Tara. From Ushnishavijaya (Tib. Tsugtor Nampar Gyalma) is the Buddhist goddess of long life and purification. Her name means “Victorious Crown Protuberance” and it is related to the oval at the top of the head of the Buddha (Skt. ushnisha) which symbolises his attainment of enlightenment. She is often […]

Vasudhara: Goddess of Abundance

Six Armed Vasudhara. From Vasudhara (Tib. Norgyunma) is a goddess of wealth, fertility, and well-being. She blesses her worshipers with both material prosperity and spiritual wealth. Like most of the Mahayana goddesses, her heart is filled with compassion and loving-kindness toward all beings. She is the embodiment of the boundless generosity (dana), the first […]